The old covent of the Agustiner Monks which was built in the 16th century
In the year of 1533, llegaron al lugar
los frailes agustinos, Fray
Jerónimo de San Esteban
y Fray Jorge de Avila. La
parroquia continuó a cargo
de la orden de San Agustín,
hasta 1845, cuando fue
secularizada. El convento fue fundado en 1570 pero 1571,
el pueblo estaba aún sujeto
a Totolapan, lo cual hace
suponer que la construcción
fue hecha años después.
The county is located at 18º 56’ North and 98º 54’ West
of Greenwich, at 1,656 meters above sea level. At the north it is limited
by the State of Mexico and the Totolapan county, at the south it has a
common border with the Cuautla county, at the east it is limited by the
Yecapixtla county and at the west by the counties of Tlayacapan and Yautepec.
Extension: The county (municipio) has an area of 71.433 km2, which
represents 1.44% of the total area of the State of Morelos.
The climate is moderately cold, recording an average
temperature of 20 º, with an annual precipitation 1005 mm of rain, mainly
in the rain seasen in the warmer months May and June.
Major ecosystems (including flora and fauna)
The flora is made of mainly pine forest, in the upper part of the municipality;
the southern part is considered as low-deciduous forest, in which prevail,
cazahuates, guajes, etc..
It consists mainly of skunks, squirrels, the Volcanoes mouse, quail, mousetrap
snake, raccoons, iguanas and cacomistle. Natural resources (including
minerals, forestry, petroleum, etc.). There are sandy areas where the
villagers extract sand and stone from.
Immigration and migration.
This place presents a multiplicity of movements of population changes:
definitive or temporary place of residence changes inside the country
(Morelenses going to another state or residents of other states who choose
to change their residence toward Morelos);
To or from abroad (Morelenses going for a season or permanently to the
United States or Canada) and Americans who choose to live in Morelos;
Change of residence only by seasons, which arise in the time of storm.
One can say that in this municipality, there is so much immigration or
emigration final, as temporary, what has been called pendular migration.
Major economic sectors, products and services
The main economic activities which take place are:
Agriculture : This activity, from the economic point of view, is the most
important for the economically active population as most people are dedicated
to this primary activity.
Livestock : In this municipality people predominantly have cattle, pigs,
sheep, goats, horses, birds and bee hives.
Industry : There are only micro and small manufacturing firms, as e.g.
the factory of electrical resistances, located in the Emiliano Zapata
colony, owened by a single family but generating jobs for the municipality.
There is a deposit of gas L.P. that allows to deliver to the whole municipality
as well as to blacksmithing workshops. Because of the characteristics
of the municipality, the installation of agronomical factorie is feasible
in order to process the local tomatoe and nopal production.
The trade in this municipality plays a very important role due to a large
number of establishments as: clothing stores, footwear and building materials,
The capacities of these are inadequate because they do not cover 100%
of the neccesities.
Music - Música
In the county there is no own music style. However, the traditional music
is, as in the rest of the state, brass band music which accompanies the
chinelo dance during the numerous festivities.
The main typical meal is the guaxmole which is prepared based on tomato
sauce and juages; The tlacoyos of ground raw and boiled beans; gorditas
(fatties), chalupas, tlaxcales based on strong corn, the red turkey mole
, green pip mole (pipian); All of these regional specialties serve primarily
in parties and are accompanied by corn tortillas made by hand.
The municipality is in the path of the convents of the sixteenth century
and deserves special mention for its cultural and historical buildings
as follows: The Parish Church and convent of St. Matthew the Apostle and
Evangelist, the chapels De Los Reyes, La Asuncion, Santa Ana, San Sebastian,
San Andres, Santa Barbara, exchapels San Lucas, St. Thomas, San Marcos
and Santiago, as well as the parish of San Antonio. In Texcalpan is the
temple of San Juan Evangelista, and in Tlaltetelco the temple of San Miguel.
TOURIST, BUSINESS AND CULTURAL INFORMATION
TOURIST AND BUSINESS INFORMATION
"Where red and coloured waters are"
The Xochimilcas were the first nahuatl
tribe that reached the central plateau. They extended their concquered
area as far as Totolapan and Atlatlahucan. In 1436, the emperor Moctezuma
Ilhuicamina conquered parts of the Morelos Valley, including Atlatlahucan
which from then on paid tributes to the mexican emperor.